Third Age of Middle-earth

Tale of Years from II 3100 to III 1675 (Incomplete)

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Year Eriador Rhovanion Gondor Umbar & Near Harad Bellakar Far Harad Mordor, Khand & Rhûn

II 3100

3110 The Faithful are persecuted in Númenor by king Ar-Gimilzôr. Many flee to Eriador to live under protection of Gil-galad.  

3110 The Faithful are persecuted in Númenor by king Ar-Gimilzôr, use of elvish languages is forbidden. Emigration to Endor is greatly encouraged; crown colony of Pelargir (Arthor na Challonnas) grows rapidly as a result.

3175 Repentance of Tar-Palantir, garrison of Pelargir is recalled.

3175 Repentance of king Tar-Palantir. Civil war in Númenor, Umbar and Númenórean colonies between Ârûwanâi (King's Men) and Nimruzîri (Faithful) factions. Self-rule is granted to Umbar in Royal Mandate. 3190 The Nelegaje uprising in Bellakar; protracted guerrilla war against Númenórean colonial possessions. Adûnai colonial governors beg for royal support from Armenelos.

3100 Proclamation of the Golden Rule of Sakal an-Khâr all over the Ormal Bay. Sakal an-Khâr declares its independence from Númenor. King Ar-Zimrathôn is unable to quell the secession.

3165 Sundering of the colonies continue as Tantûrak declares itself an independent kingdom. Ar-Sakalthôr fails to crush the rebellion.

3100 Central Middle-earth from Mordor to Orocarni is under dominion of maia Sauron, the God-King and Lord of Gifts. His subject kingdoms are greatly enriched by his will and knowledge. His rule is of benefit to all men in their needs of the body, but those who would not submit to his will are driven into the wastelands.

II 3200

3200 Faithful mystics and pioneers from Lond Daer Enedh and the colony of Dor Forlonnas settle around Lake Evendim. They maintain good relations with elves of Lindon.  

3210 Sauron forces Daen Coentis people to acknowledge him as the King of Men and swore an oath of fealty.

3247 Clan war between Merro and Murchadh over the Daen Coentis.

3256 Sauron lays siege on Númenórean colony of Pelargir.

3210 Road to Khand is built.

3255 Accession of king Ar-Pharazôn. Sauron assaults Umbar.

3261 Númenorean armada invades Sauronic lands in Endor. King Ar-Pharazôn lands at Umbar and marches against Mordor.

3262 Sauron is utterly defeated and he is forced to surrender to avert the destruction of his realm. Sauron is taken as prisoner to Armenelos, where he soon becomes the King's Councelor and wizard, Zigûr.

3240 Pharazôn lands in Bellakar with considerable force; the uprising is quickly crushed. Bellakaze auxiliaries and militia is disbanded.

3260 Another native uprising contained by local forces of the Bellakarian League and its Council (the Bâitha'n-Kadîr).

3280 First temple of Mulkhêr is consecrated in Korlea. The Bellakaze of Nîlûlôni, Hazaj Tollin and Narîk-zadan are granted protection from the cult as a matter of civic integrity.

3215 Civil war in former Númenórean colony of Zimrathâni. Dominions of the Seven (Thânî Hazid) are established.

3224 A Númenórean fleet under prince Pharazôn ends the secession in the Sea of Ormal.

3263 King Ar-Pharazôn terminate Indûr's reign in Mûmakan and end the independence of Tantûrak. Anbalukkhôr is re-established as a Crown Colony under direct rule of Armenelos. Empire of Mûmakan crumbles.

3200 Sauron assumes the titles of Lord of the Earth (Tar-Heruambar) and King of Men. He sends envoys to Númenorean monarch Tar-Palantir calling himself Tar-Mairon, "King Excellence".

3255 In wake of Ar-Pharazôn's accession, Sauron reassumes the title of King of Men and provokes war against Númenor. King Ar-Pharazôn immediately orders an immense armada to be assembled to counter him.

II 3300

3310 Ar-Pharazôn begins the building of the Great Armament. Tax of timber and tar is levied from Dor Forlonnas.

3319 Downfall of Númenor wrecks Lond Daer Enedh.

3320 Elendil lands in Grey Havens. He councels with Círdan and local Nimruzîri leaders and claims High Kingship of the Dúnedain. Realms in Exile are founded. Elendil is recognized as a high king in Eriador, Belfalas and Pelargir.

3323 Foundation of Annúminas, capital of Elendil.

 

3310 Royal fleet in Pelargir is recalled to join the Great Armament.

3320 Isildur and Anárion land in Pelargir. Pelargirean League accepts their lordship; Realms in Exile are founded. Isildur and Anárion settle in the Vale of Anduin and distribute ample land to Faithful Númenóreans willing to join them. Men of the White Mountains swear their allegiance to Isildur upon the Black Stone.

3399 Birth of Dâiruzôr son of Minulzîr, later king Cemendur.

3310 Númenórean armies and fleets are recalled to join the Great Armament.

3319 Downfall of Númenor. Umbar, the greatest Númenorean stronghold in Endor, is ripped apart in a civil war between Melkor-worshipping Mulkhêrhil and traditionalist Ârûwanâi. Priests of Mulkhêr maintain that Ar-Pharazôn has been victorious and Númenor belongs now to the Deathless Lands. Petty kingdoms spawn all over Near Harad.

3310 Bellakarian League sends ships and men for the Great Armament. High priest of Mulkhêr, Zigûrkhîl, takes over Korlea.

3319 Civil war in Bellakar. The downfall of Númenor devastates Lôkhurush and Sîres vallleys; Korlea is totally disintegrated. Bellakarian League calls upon native Bellakaze to conquer Mulkhêrhil forces and purge their cities from fire-worshippers. Social unrest brews in Bellakar as natives seek a more prominent role within the traditionally Númenórean-dominated Bâitha.

3310 Dominions pay a heavy tribute to offset the costs of the Great Armament.

3319 Downfall of Númenor terminates contact between Númenorean colonies in far south. Khâradûnê, Zimrathâni, Elorna, Urîd Pharazânî and Malaiur declare independence under their respective governors. Mulkhêrhil take over Anbalukkhôr. Other colonies disappear altogether, like Ahârathâni, Môrathâni, Khûruthâni and Lômithâni.

3320 Sauron returns to Mordor to incarnate himself and gather his old allies, and vassals. Orodruin bursts in flames.

II 3400

3430 The Last Alliance of Elves and Men is formed. Elendil and Isildur march south with Gil-galad. Northern Realm in Exile is named Arnor, King's Land.

 

3419 Elendil grants Belfalas as a princely fief to Edhelion, who relinquishes his authority over Pelargir.

3429 Sauron attacks Gondor and captures Minas Ithil, stronghold of Isildur. Isildur sails north with his family; Anárion stays behind to organise a defence. Haruze and black Númenóreans besiege Pelargir.

3412 Herumor and Fuinur rise to great power among the Haradrim. Fuinur sends an embassy to Isildur and Anárion, declaring independence from their rule, and advocating a peaceful coexistence between Gondor, Umbar and Harad.

3434 Herumor in slain at Dagorlad, Fuinur flees to Far Harad.

3400 Korlea is rebuilt and colonized by anti-Mulkhêrhil veterans. Bâitha'n-Kadîr oppose Elendil's proclamation to submit to his rule or be declared the enemies of the Faithful

3431 Zagarthôr, governor of Nîlûlôni, convinces Bâitha to sends ships and men to defend Gondor against Sauron.

3430 Anbalukkhôr sends ships and men to support Umbar's war against the Faithful. Most of the old Colonial Armada is lost in a storm.

3434 The Last Alliance is victorious against Sauron at the Battle of Dagorlad. Sauron retreats to Barad-dûr.

3440 Anárion is slain.

3441 Barad-dûr is finally taken after a seven-year siege. Elendil and Gil-galad are slain. Sauron is destroyed and Mordor occupied by Dúnedain.

1

3 Isildur's squire Ohtar, having escaped the Disaster at the Gladden Fields, brings the shards of Narsil to Imladris. Chaos reigns in Arnor after the demise of Elendil, Isildur and most of the Faithful Númenóreans in the War of the Last Alliance. 2 Disaster of the Gladden Fields. Isildur, his three sons and five hundred knights of Arnor perish in an orc ambush.

1 Elendil is buried by his surviving son Isildur under Amon Anwar.

2 Meneldil, backed by the newly installed Council of Gondor, reject the high-kingship of Valandil son of Isildur and proclaim the independence and sovereingty of Gondor under priestly rule of house of Anárion.

2 Temple of Mulkhêr in Umbar is destroyed and followers of Sauron are driven away. Surviving Ârûwanâi lords denounce the usurpation of Elendil and his sons and declare the independence of Umbar and her League as the true heirs of Númenor and Aldarion the Mariner. The Republic of Umbar is led by elected duumvirs called asapthubêths.

1 Pure-blooded Adûnâi become decisive minority in Bellakar. Many of those claiming to be Adûnâi now possess a fair amount of Bellakaze blood. Concessions are made in Hazaj Tollin, Narîk-zadan and Nîlûlôni to allow Bellakaze to hold any office (including that of asapthubêth) in the elective league government, while reserving actual lordship over the individual cities and their militias for a select number of Númenórean families. Definitions of what qualified one as an "Adûnâ" varies according to city.

5 Atandil, kinsman of Anárion and one of the last great Númenórean mariners, circumnavigates Middle-earth and provides observational evidence that the Earth is round. Tobacco, potato and tomato are brought to Gondor from Western Lands. 1 With the defeat of Sauron and his guiding authority, peoples of Khand, Chey and Rhûn are left to their own devices. Ensuing power vacuum is filled by petty lords and banditry, as new powers try to seize whatever lands and resources they could hope to hold. Nûrniag civilization collapses.

10 Valandil son of Isildur comes to age; he is given the symbols of kingship. He makes no attempt to press his claim for High Kingship or reclaim the southern crown. 21 Northmen of the Ibnotithiuda tribe found Burh Armenrik. They make contact and begin to trade with the Donath, the Odhriags, and the Dwarves of Uldona Spine (the Ironfists). 23 Morthec Gruan, last king of the Daen Coentis, dies. Kingdom of the White Mountains dissolves. 10 Long years of civil strife erode Umbarean influence and authority on Haradan kingdoms. Nomads start raiding Umbarean hinterlands. Akil I is anointed high king of Korb Taskral and Haruzan, founding the Taskral dynasty. 47 Atandil is lost on his fifth and last voyage to the Eastern Sea and Lands of the Dawn. 20 Murgath deserters create the Logath ("The Refusers") confederacy to distinguish themselves from those of their kin who remained at Dagorlad to fight for Sauron.

50

51 Annexation of the Hillman Kingdom as royal fief of Rhudaur.

87 Birth of Eldacar son of Valandil.

 

48 Birth of Azruzîr son of Cemendur, later king Eärendil, in Osgiliath.

    62 Mariners from Anbalukkhôr sail to Morenórë (the Dark Continent). 50 Ioriag empire in central Middle-earth collapses; western half is split into a number of tribal confederations. Ashina clan founds the Asdriag Confederation.

100

109 Elrond weds Celebrian, daughter of Galadriel

112 Annexation of the Eriadoran kingdom of Rhaglaw by Valandil.

 

136 Birth of Anardil son of Eärendil.

112 Entry to the leading Council of Umbar is permanently closed from newcomers. Twenty great Adûnai families monopolize power in the League. 144 Lonely Islands are settled by Adûnaim from Umbar and Narik-Zadan.   100 The continuing construction of Barad-wath is abandoned.

150

164-166 Mong-Finn's Rebellion in Rhudaur. The Rhudaurim are defeated by prince Eldacar. Founding of the citadel at Cameth Brin.  

156 Experiments by Faithful loremasters to build ships that can sail in the lower air (wilwa) to reach Valinor are suppressed and their records are destroyed.

158 Death of king Meneldil, accession of Cemendur.

    150 With Númenor fallen and Sauron vanquished, lore to build five-masted ships, steel hulls and machines of war quicky dissipates from Middle-earth. Loss of learning is greatest in the southern colonies, which were most dependent on Númenor itself. 150 Logath expansion reaches the Redwater and contact is made with Rhovanic northmen tribes.

200

241 Birth of Arwen Evenstar, daughter of Elrond.

249 Death of Valandil son of Isildur. He is succeeded as high king of Arnor by his son Eldacar.

 

222 Birth of Anardilion, later king Ostoher, in Osgiliath.

238 Death of king Cemendur, accession of Eärendil.

   

 

 

   

 

       

300

339 Death of Eldacar. He is succeeded as high king of Arnor by his son, Arantar.  

310 Birth of Tarostar, later king Rómendacil I, in Osgiliath.

324 Death of king Eärendil, accession of Anardil.

300 After several centuries of decline and leisure, the city-state of Umbar begins to grow again. Umbarean seafarers establish trade relations with the kings of Raj. Haradan gold and jewelry starts to fill the coffers of the Merchant Princes (Dâiruzîri). 340, Bâitha, traditional leading council of the Bellakarian League, grants an investiture to Zimrêbal Tumakveh of Nîlûlôni which makes him the first King of Bellakar. Nîlûlôni is renamed Nîlûlondê. 349 Port city of Ro-mollo is founded on an ruined Númenorean island by Drel people.  

350

      350 The Lords of Umbar seek to reconsolidate their old sphere of inluence along river Harnen, but many of the Haruze emirs look to the Gondorian kings for patronage and stability, drawing the men of Gondor into frequent military conflicts with Umbar and its clients. 350 Zimrêbal reshapes the Númenórean calendar and institutes Kâthasaptha, a new religion that accommodates the worship of haradan moon-goddess Ladnoca with monotheistic Eruism. Zimrêbal invests himself as the high priest and dissolves the old Bellakarian League.    

375 Population of Annúminas starts to dwindle as Dúnedain migrate to more fertile plains and river valleys Cardolan.   375 Probable date of forging the so-called Donations of Isildur, in which Isildur grants an independent South Kingdom to Meneldil and his heirs. Authenticity of this document is contested in Arnor, but is declared valid by the Council of Gondor. 360 Zimrêbal conquers Hazaj Tollin.    
375 Zimrêbal conquers Narîk-Zadan  
390 Cult of Ishtra emerges in Zimra-Zadan. Local Haradrim rebel against Númenórean overlords; Zimra-Zadan is renamed Bur Esmer.  

    397 Birth of Turambar son of Tarostar. 390 Kadar an-Bêlabâr (Gobel Ancalimon) joins the League of Umbar. 395 Death of Zimrêbal brings his son Abâruzôr to Bellakarani throne. Adûnai traditionalists rebel against royal rule. They demand reinstation of the League and return to the old Númenórean monotheism. Rebellion is crushed in 397, Tumakveh Dynasty retains its power in Bellakar. Asapthubêths of Korlea, Balkuzôr and Ûrêzâyan are beheaded.    

400

300 Arnorian rangers under Vaernil Tarcil explore north far into Forochel and beyond and over the Angirith Pass into the Grey Mountains. 403 Famine and plague in Rhovanion. 411 Death of king Anardil, accession of Ostoher. Gwathuirim rebel in Lamedon and Calenardhon. 400 Umbarean commoners begin to lose their Númenórean identity and appear more like neighbouring Haradrim. In contrast, the ruling Adûnai aristocracy is ever more estranged from the common people.

400 Religious strife continues in Bellakar.

405 Failed attempt to assassinate king Abâruzôr.

   

435 Death of high king Arantar. He is succeeded by his son, Tarcil.   420 Ostoher builds the fortifications of Minas Anor, the city is greatly enlarged.   443 Death of Abâruzôr, accession of king Belphazân.    

450

 

485-488 Sagath-Urgath wars. The Urgath succeed in displacing large numbers of Sagath onto the Brown Lands.

490 The Sagath begin raiding Ithilien.

495 Northman culture expands onto the plains, bringing them in direct competition with the Sagath and Urgath for limited resources.

480 Birth of Anattô Turambarion, later king Atanatar I, in Osgiliath.

490-500 First war against Easterlings. Tarostar is named Captain of the Hosts (Berthir Dagarim). He mobilizes a sizable army to deal with the nomads.

492 Death of king Ostoher, accession of Tarostar. Column of Ostoher inaugurated in Osgiliath.

450 Political strife in Umbar escalates as the prospering urban population start to demand political rights.

489 Large-scale riots in the city of Umbar and its dependancies.

495 Merchant Princes form the Council of Captains and announce their ultimatum to the government of the Republic.

 

450 Kâthasaptha is declared the only religion in Bellakar.

475 Tedjin nomads raid Bellakar.

488 Death of Belphazân, accession of king Imruzîr.

 

472 Several Urgath tribes migrate across the Surubeki and settle in Mistral region.

480 A terrible disease strikes the Urgath herds of southeastern Rhûn. Large numbers of Urgath migrate through Gathod and onto the eastern and central Talath Harroch.

500

500 High king Tarcil of Arnor campaigns against the Orcs of Gundabad and Goblin-gate. 500 The disunified Sagath are driven north into the East Bight. Tarostar's army is never confronted in numbers and Tarostar has trouble bringing the Sagath bands to battle.

501 Tarostar declares victory over the Easterlings and renames himself as Rómendacil.

510 Building of Rond Giliath in Osgiliath completed.

500 The Asapthubêths relinquish their power. Duumvirate is abolished and legislative powers are transferred to the Great Oligarchy, a council of three hundred Adûnai lords. Númenórean citizenship is extended to all permanent inhabitants of the Haven.

515 Tedjin khan Batou Jochë invades Bellakar. Nîlûlondê is razed to ground. King Imruzîr evacuates his court to Korlea.

525 Tumakveh clan reorganizes old League military to counter nomadic threat. Reconquest of Mardruak begins.

   

515 Death of high king Tarcil, accession of high king Tarondor of Arnor. 538 Sagath warlord Agonoth Caros unites Sagath and Urgath tribes in opposition to the Northmen and Gondor. The joint forces of Caros and the Urgath conquer East Bight.

540-549 Second war against Easterlings. Old king Rómendacil slain at Henneth Annûn. Turambar takes command of the army and defeats Caros in his own camp.

522 Major earthquake destroys Bârunûrî in the Lonely Island.

540 Rebel lords of Târik an-Ârûdud secede from the Umbarean League.

535 Prince Zadunzîr is slain in battle against Tedjin. Batou Jochë is besieged in Thri Zirakan.

540 Tedjin capital Thri Zirakan falls into the hands of the Bellakaranî, who plunder and massacre its inhabitants. The city is renamed Zimrênzil.

543 Nîlûlondê rebuilt.

545 Monastery of Khibil Ephalak founded.

545 The Great Asapthubêth of Zadan an-Adûn ousts his viceroy and founds the empire of Anbalukkhôr. He claims high kingship of the Ârûwanâim with traditional Númenórean titles like Lord of the West (Ar-Adûnakhôr), Father of Men (Anîyattô) and Lord of the World (Imrukhôr).  

550

550 Population of Minhiriath exceeds the rest of Arnor. Discontent brews in Tharbad, biggest and oldest of Arnorian cities.

550 First trade relations between Folyavuld, Ehwathrumi, Dale and Elves of Eryn Galen.

572 Sea-borne trade link between Mistrand and Burh Armenrik is established.

596 Gondorian merchants take up residence in Burh Armenrik

566 Forum and Column of Turambar are inaugurated in Osgiliath.

575 Dor Rhúnen established as a Royal Territory. A chain of forts and patrols is organised across the Brown Lands. First Gondorian embassy to Folyavuld.

585 Founding of Thorondir, work on Men Rhûnen started.

552 Kadar an-Bêlabâr, Abârlôni and Zimralôni depart from the Umbarean League to form their own commonwealth of Zâyan an-Khârurush.

550 Caravan routes across the Dune Sea are reopened; trade and wealth flows into Bellakar. King Urdubâr restores domestic order and tries to elevate Bellakarian prestige among the survivors of Númenor: Anbalukkhôr, Khâradûnê, Umbar, and the Pelargirean League. Urdubâr aspires to break down old enmities and build new ties of interstate cooperation.   570-573 Religious zealots seize the castle of Durthang. It takes three years from king Turambar's armies to subdue.

600

602 Death of high king Tarondor of Arnor. He is succeeded by his son, Valandur.   600 Turambar creates the office of Arandur (Steward) to rule in King's name and act as the head of the government while he is engaged in patrolling and hunting in the newly-won eastern territories.

 

625 Prince Êruzôr embarks on a diplomatic mission to Belfalas and Gondor, but he is rebuffed by king Turambar who declares Kâthasaptha as a heresy and demands that Bellakarians must accept the heirs of Elendil as the sole priests of Eru.

628 Death of Urdubâr, accession of Êruzôr.

 

600 Varjev dynasty unites a dozen scattered Haruze states and found the kingdom of Lurmsakûn. They grow rich protecting caravan trade routes between Chyan and Khand. Gondorian glass and metal wares start spreading to Near Harad.

632 Lurmsakûn invades Arysis and Chyan Empire.

650

652 High king Valandur is slain during a revolt of the Hillmen of the eastern marches. Accession of king Elendur.  

650 Dissafection to Turambar's long neglect of the coastal regions sparks rebellions in Pelargir and Linhir. Unionists demand a more balanced southern policy and abolishment of the Navigation Act forbidding foreign trade with "black Númenóreans".

667 Death of Turambar, accession of king Atanatar I.

650 Fearing that the their élite is rapidly mingling with the haradan aristocracy, some pure-blooded Adûnai found the Unionist Party to oppose the increasingly liberal Dâiruzîri and to promote the idea of union of all Eru-worshipping men of Númenórean stock. Unionist cause is genuinely embraced by elements of the Bellakarian and Gondorian noble classes, but branded traitorious by others.

668 The Great Oligarchy starts to lose its hold on Umbarean League. Party of Zealots arise to oppose Unionists and defend the sovereignty of Umbar.

660 Death of Êruzôr, accession of king Sarathôr.

698 Death of Sarathôr, accession of king Zimrukhôr.

 

650 Lurmsakûn conquers Siakan with their Variag mercenaries.

674 Haxamânahan dynasty of Chey is defeated in battle against Varjev armies.

700

700 Increasing tensions are noted between the lords of northern Arnor and their more worldly kinsmen in the southern areas of the kingdom. The northeastern frontier of Arnor is withdrawn to the edge of the En Eredoriath, with Minas Eldanaryon as the primary citadel. 700 Markets of Lest, Dilgul and Mistrand are opened to sea-going Folyavulda merchants.

700 Pelargirean League starts to favour Unionist cause and pressures royal government to reconciliate with the southern Adûnai nations. Embassies are sent to Bellakar and Umbar.

736 Birth of Eärnil son of Tarciryan.

      700 Dúnadan travellers frequent Varjev court in Maresh and bring exotic goods back to Gondor. Kingdom of Lurmsakûn at its peak of prosperity.
 

726 Birth of Amlaith of Fornost, future king of Arthedain.

740 Annúminas, capital of Arnor, is gradually deserted after Elendur moves royal house to Fornost Erain.

 

748 Siriondil appoints his son Tarannon Captain of the Hosts. Tarannon begins to extend royal influence into the old spheres of the Pelargirean League. He creates the professional New Army by calling upon disenfranchised masses and urban poor.

750 Tarannon's New Army scores a number of victories against rebel Dúnedain lords in Belfalas and Anfalas.

  741 Death of Zimrukhôr, end of the First Entaile. Accession of king Nîlûhîn.    

750

 

777 Death of Elendur. He is succeeded by his son, high king Eärendur.

785 Dúnadan presence in Burh Armenrik increases. The governor of Dor Rhúnen sends a small company to protect trade and commerce in the town.

790 Burh Armenrik is burned after an Asdriag raid. Barad Ithil is built by Gondorian engineers.

752 Tarannon completes the pacification of Anfalas and transforms it into a provincial domain, along with Lamedon and Lebennin.

754 King Siriondil officially dissolves the Pelargirean League. Rendûl founded to garrison western Lamedon and the lower Mornan.

789 The Rathon Gondor is completed, unifying the lands of southern Gondor.

  775 Death of Nîlûhîn, accession of king Narkuzîr.    

800

   

822 Tarannon captures Mírlond.

826 Birth of Ciryandil Eärnilion.

830 Tarannon Falastur gives the name of Harondor (South Gondor) to the newly acquired royal territory south of the Poros. Mírlond, Glanhir and Lond Tolfalas receive township status.

 

830 Narkuzîr renounces the throne, he is succeeded by his brother Artârik I.

842 At dawn on the 13th day of the month of Najam, bazaar-trader Imrathôr feels a mysterious summon to journey into the foothills of the Hulja Mountains and wanders to the tall summit of Urud an-Khibil. Imrathôir claims that on that silent height, hidden from the eyes of Man, he beheld a visitation from The One, to make known the Batân an-Izindi, the Path of Truth, to those who will listen. In token of this claim he takes the title of Izindubêth, "Prophet of Truth".

  811 Death of Mírgon, founder of the Cult of Silence, in Cirith Ungol.

861 Death of high king Eärendur, who divides the realm among his three sons. Founding of the sister kingdoms of Arthedain, Cardolan, and Rhudaur. The Palantir of Annúminas is moved to Fornost. Thorondur the Magnificent ascends the throne as the first King of Cardolan.  

861 As Arnor is sundered into three sister-realms, trade between Tharbad and Gondor acquired political importance.

899 Birth of Ciryaher son of Ciryandil.

860 Rise of the Lengur dynasty in Haruzan

850 Having carried his message to the far corners of Bellakar, Izindubêth returns to Urud an-Khibil with his followers and commence construction of a monastery to provide a locus of pilgrimage for those seeking guidance in the Batân an-Izindi.

864-5 Battles of Sarnak and Duhu between Izinduists and Hazaj Tollin.

869 Followers of Izindubêth take over Hazaj Tollin in a nearly bloodless conquest. Collapse of the adûnai realm of Bellakar begins.

884 Death of Artârik, accession of his great-nephew, king Êruzagar. Death of Izindubêth the Prophet.

894 Tedjin kataj ("king") Joam-Tuv subjugates Bellakar and founds the kingdom of Qadjadar ("Land of Warriors"). He build his new capital in the Rôthurush valley, between Hazaj Tollin and Hulja mountains.

  850 Varjev power collapses in eastern Pezarsan.

900

936 Death of Thorondur, accession of king Turamarth of Cardolan.

946 Death of Amlaith, accession of king Beleg of Arthedain.

949-950 Aldarion of Rhudaur, the last of Eärendur's sons, attempts to reunite Arnor. After a few skirmishes, a treaty is signed by all three successor states ratifying that control of Amon Sûl and its Master-Palantir will belong to Rhudaur, but otherwise borders are unchanged. Relations with Arthedain and Cardolan remain tense.

 

913 Death of king Falastur, accession of Eärnil I, the Mariner.

923 Eärnil rebuilds Pelargir and greatly enhances its naval yards. Barad Aerhir is built.

932 Eärnil founds the settlement of Eithel Thúrin.

936 King Eärnil is drown when his fleet is lost in a storm off the coast of Umbar. Accession of his son, Ciryaher.

 

 

933 Conquest of Umbar. Haven of Umbar is captured by Eärnil and his fleet. Defeated Ârûwanâi lords and their forces retreat to bases around the Nen Umbar. Umbarean government in exile is formed in Ramlond (Abârlôni).

900 Bâitha'n-Kadîr is replaced by a system of djaian, military governors appointed and directly responsible to the kataj. Djaian maintain garrisons in the cities, administer justice and collect tribute. Kâthasaptha and Batân an-Izindi are outlawed. Fire-worship is established in Qadjadar.

903 Adûnuzîr conquers Târik an-Narduvî, slaying the Tedjin garrison and its djai. Nykkea is found as a centre of ship-building for Qadjadar to counter the Tumakveh naval forces operating from safe ports along the Tulwang Bay.

  900 Rise of the Qarakhid dynasty in Lurmsakûn

951 Death of Aldarion, accession of king Orodreth of Rhudaur. Turamarth and Beleg renounce their oaths of fealty given to Aldarion year before.

988 Death of Orodreth, accession of king Eldathorn of Rhudaur.

999 Esgaroth (Lake-Town) established on the Long Lake.

977 Birth of Ciryaherion, later king Atanatar II Alcarin.

987 Ciryaher founds the settlemens of Barad Harn and Tiras Amrûn.

988 Bellakarian embassy to Gondor. Arzâgar son of Narkuzîr is received by king Ciryaher.

986 Lengur dynasty of Haruzan foolishy challenges Gondor with open war. Dúnadan troops under Ciryaher annihilate the Haruze army at Taloc Passage.

987 Ciryaher founds Tiras Amrûn. Gondor annexes Emyn Imladrim and East March. Province of Harondor (South Gondor) is created to administer captured Haruzan lands.

938 Battle of Ayal Koyren. United forces of Korlea, Ûrêzâyan and Tumakveh clan with their Bozishnarod allies rout larger Tedjin army under Joam-Kator.

939-957 Felayjan War ends in Tedjin defeat. Restoration of Tumakveh rule over Bellakar.

  988 Lords of Arysis rebel against Qarakhids in Maresh. Later Varjev dynasty beings to rule over much reduced Lurmsakûn from Enmahadh.

1000

1001 Death of Turamarth, accession of king Cirion of Cardolan.

1029 Death of Beleg, accession of king Mallor of Arthedain. During his reign the Istari arrive in Middle-earth, their origin unknown.

1031 Death of Eldathorn, accession of king Elrion of Rhudaur.

1000 A shadow falls over Eryn Galen. It is renamed Mirkwood the Great.

1049 Birth of Narmacil son of Atanatar.

1011 Ciryandil sails south with most of his army and navy to defend Umbar in person.

1015 King Ciryandil is slain during the siege of Umbar. Accession of his son Ciryaher, later king Hyarmendacil I.

1016 Legations from Gondor and Urdwan confederacy meet at Tiras Amrûn.

1000 King Ciryandil repopulates Harondor with Gondorian veterans and founds several military colonies along the Harnen river.

1011 Urdwan clan leader Desul Muargiz founds the Muargizid dynasty with the help of the Umbarean Exiles. Together they gather their troops, capture most of the Gondorian coastal forts in Glinfalas and besiege Umbar.

1039 Ciryaher captures Ramlond, Umbarean exiles are driven to Gobel Ancalimon.

1000 Izinduists rebuild monastery on Urud an-Khibil. Batân an-Izindi spreads to Bozisha-Dar and the Dune Sea.

1010 Death of Narkuzîr II, accession of Arzâgar I Imruphazgân.

1012 Tumakveh navy defeats invading Anbalukkhôr armada in Battle of Corals.

 

 

1000 Ahar-Chey nomads take over high plains east of Ered Harmal and begin to prey on silk and spice caravans.

1011 Variag general Balun Beg takes over Ered Harmal and declares his independence from Lurmsakûn. He starts raiding deep into Haruze territory from his mountain redoubt of Sikandur.

1079 Death of Cirion, accession of king Terennil of Cardolan.

1084-1092 War of Succession over Palantir of Amon Sûl between Arthedain, Cardolan and Rhudaur. Rhudaur calls for foreign mercenaries from Rhovanion and Northern Wastes. Northmen start to migrate to Eriador.

1050 The Necromancer founds Dol Guldur on Amon Lanc in southern Mirkwood. 1058 Birth of Calmacil son of Atanatar.

1050 Conquest of Harad. Ciryaher exterminates the exiled lords of Umbar and subdues the Haradrim. Târik an-Ârûdud falls to Ciryaher, completing the Gondorian conquest of the South. Haruzan, Pezarsan and Lurmsakûn fall under Gondorian hegemony. Ciryaher returns to Osgiliath is is renamed Hyarmendacil. Age of Sérë Hyarmendacili, Peace of the South-Victor, begins in Near Harad and brings unprecedented prosperity. Lakhid dynasty is established in Amrûn.

1055 Imlad Carnen founded as the seat of the East March of Harondor.

1060 Death of Arzâgar I Imruphazgân, accession of king Êruzîr.

1095 Death of Êruzîr, accession of king Minulkhôr.

 

1044-1050 King Hyarmendacil I paficies Nûrn. Construction on Barad-wath is resumed. City of Seregost found at the Gap of Nurn and populated by Gondorian and Variag veterans. Nûrn becomes a client kingdom of Gondor.

1055 Warlord Tarkhan Udo unites all seven Variag clans and is anointed as Ovatha II, the Great Khagan of Khand. Beginning of the Variag Empire centered on Ammu Khand.

1070 Ovatha II crushes the Asdriag Confededacy under Manarig Beg Ashina in the battle of Ûbésêsh-ûta-Pavéter.

1100

1100 Harfoot Hobbits enter Eriador; Fallohides and Stoors soon follow within hundred and fifty years. The Harfoots settle throughout the Gwathló basin. Many enter Rhudaur and live under protection of its kings.

1100-1150 Cardolan reaches its peak of prosperity under the reign of king Terennil, who introduces large scale sheep herding. Tharbad thrives as a center of trade and manufacture.

1107 Death of Elrion, accession of king Fordegil of Rhudaur. He spends most of his reign fighting Orcs and Trolls in the Ettenmoors. Castle of Burh Kalda is built to house northmen in Rhudaur.

1110 Death of Mallor, accession of king Celepharn of Arthedain. During his reign, relations with other splinter-realms of Arnor are cordial. Trade treaties are signed with Cardolan and Rhudaur.

 

1126 Birth of Minalcar son of Calmacil, later king Rómendacil II.

1130 Faction of "Arbitrars" in the Council of Gondor try to push for more active Dúnadan control of Near Harad and its lucrative caravan routes. Traditionalists argue that all of Harad is not worth a Dúnadan footsoldier's bones, and that putting more Haradrim inside Gondor's boundaries would taint the kingdom's culture and bloodlines. Elderly king Hyarmendacil I refuses to deploy his southern army east of Amrûn and wage war so far of home.

1149 Death of Hyarmendacil I, accession of king Atanatar II Alcarin, described by his lords in the Council of Gondor as "an idle drone" and "pompous but empty barrel".

1100-1125 Urdwan nomads of the Dune Sea conquer cities in southern Lurmsakûn, but fail to keep the orchards and irrigated fields in order.

1130 Fezirs of Lurmsakûn try to obtain Gondorian aid with embassies, gifts and ample gold. Many adventurous Gondorians travel east and enlist under Lurmsakûn's banners.

1138 Death of king Minulkhôr, accession of king Balkuzîr.

 

1100 Fleeing Ovatha's Variag troops, Asdriags migrate into the lands of southern and southeastern Rhûn.

1101 Ovatha III Udo, khagan of Khand, conquers Lurmsakûn and reduces it into a tributary state of Khand.

1115 Death of khagan Ovatha III, accession of khagan Barjik Beg Udo.

1120 Death of khagan Barjik, accession of khagan Bihar.

1132 Death of khagan Bihar, accession of khagan Böri.

1136 Death of khagan Böri, accession of khagan Tuvan.

1139 Death of khagan Tuvan, accession of khagan Atabeg Ovatha IV Udo. Second conquest of Lurmsakûn.

1153 Death of Terennil, accession of king Celervellon of Cardolan.

1176 Death of Fordegil. Rhudaurim clans seize Cameth Brin, founding the Hillman kingdom.

1191 Death of Celepharn, accession of king Celebrindor of Arthedain.

1197-1235 Celervellon's War. King Celervellon of Cardolan tries to conquer Rhudaur.

 

1159 Birth of Calimehtar son of Calmacil.

1187 Rendûl receives township status from Atanatar II Alcarin.

1191 Birth of Calimir son of Calimehtar, Captain of the Ships.

1194 Birth of Valacar son of Minalcar.

 

1182 Death of Balkuzîr, accession of weak and sickly king Belphazân II.

1183 City-states of Mardruak declare their independence from Tumakveh rule. Reduction of Gondor's fleets and increasing importance of maritime trade invites a resurgence of piracy along the Cape of Mardruak.

 

1158 Death of khagan Ovatha IV, accession of khagan Köngjü. Variag capital is moved to newly founded Sturlurtsa Khand.

1167 Death of khagan Köngjü, accession of khagan Köngjü II Arslan. Conquest of Pustrava.

 

1200

1231 Accession of queen Elwen of Rhudaur. Proposals of dynastic marriage between Celervellon and Elwen are turned down.

1235 Disaster of Cameth Brin. Celervellon, besieging the capital of Rhudaur, is surprised by an Orcish army from Gundabad. the professional forces of Cardolan cut their way out with heavy losses, but Celervellon, his sons, and all of the ruling Counts and Barons of Cardolan are slain as the exposed royal pavilion is capturd.

1208-1222 The Northman Clan Wars in Rhovanion.

1226 Linhir receives township status from Narmacil. Lamedon becomes a province.

1235 Bellakarian embassy seeks ais from Gondor to combat piracy along the coasts.

1240 Narmacil creates the permanent offices of Berthir Ceiriath (Captain of Ships) and Berthir Dagarim (Captain of Hosts).

 

1200 Aggressive and organized Sorijan fleets strangle all sea-traffic passing through the Bay of Tulwang and the Bellazen coast.

1220 Admiral Sakalkhâd reorders Bellakar's navy on Sorijan lines, concentrating on small squadrons of fast galleys dispersed at regular intervals along the coast.

 

1200-1241 Odhriag wars in southern Rhûn.

1241 Great Khagan Kundaj Ovatha Itakh reconquers Pustrava and southern Gathod for Khand.

1250

1235-1258 First War of Cardolani Succession. Diet of Thalion elects king Tarcil among many claimants to the throne.

1272 Death of Celebrindor, accesion of king Malvegil of Arthedain.

1276 The Witch-King establishes his realm in Angmar.

1284-1287 Four Years War. Arthedain and Cardolan fight over possession of Amon Sûl. Hîr Minaglar establishes himself as Regent of Cardolan when his legitimate half-brother Tarastor is proven retarded and insane.

1287 Death of Tarcil, accession of king Tarasdor of Cardolan. Minaglar acts as a Regent.

 

1250 The office of Captain of Ships becomes hereditary under Calimehtar son of Calmacil.

1255 Birth of Vinitharya son of Valacar by Vidumavi. Valacar's betrothal to the Ehwathrumi princess spurs allegations in more conservative circles that Valacar is consciously polluting the divine bloodline of Elros through her alien blood.

1256 A destructive hurrican ravages Tolfalas, Ethir Anduin, and the coast of Harondor.

1274 Birth of Castamir son of Calimir.

  1257-1258 Second Sorijan War.

1257 Sorijan pirates raid Bozisha-Dar with hundred galleys.

1260 Cities of Tulwang agree to pay 20,000 pounds of gold in reparation for war and piracy perpetrated against Raj.

 

1300

1307 Death of Elwen, accession of king Aldor of Rhudaur.

1332 Death of Tarasdor, last of the line of Isildur in Cardolan. He is succeeded by his half-brother Minaglar.

1347 Death of Aldor, accession of king Elagost of Rhudaur.

1349 Death of Malvegil, accession of king Argeleb I of Arthedain.

1355 Death of Elagost, last king of Rhudaur. End of the line of Isildur in Rhudaur.

 

1330 Births of Aldamir and Ornendil, sons of Eldacar.

1366 Death of Rómendacil II. Accession of king Valacar.

1344 Queen Vidumavi (Galadwen) dies of old age,

1348 Castamir becomes Captain of Ships.

      1331 Brugath tribes attack Folyavulda merchants of Elgaer. The outpost is completely destroyed.

1350

1350 Argeleb I of Arthedain claims high kingship of entire Arnor, as line of Isildur is deemed extinct in other Successor States. King Minaglar of Cardolan swears an oath of fealty to Argeleb. Rhudaur, having fallen under local Hillman kings, resists his claims.

1352-1356 First Northern War pits Arthedain and Cardolan versus Rhudaur and Angmar. Argeleb is slain in battle. He is succeeded by his son Arveleg.

1381 Death of Minaglar. Diet of Thalion elects lord Osthir as the new king of Cardolan.

  1391 Birth of Vinyarion son of Aldamir.    

1380 Bauzaud Izain takes over Tûl Isra.

1398 Army of the Southern Dragon assembles at Ny Chennacatt.

1399 Anbalukkhôr invades Norjadar.

 

1400

1408-1411 Second Northern War in Eriador between Arnor and Angmar. Arveleg is killed fighting in the Weather Hills; Amon Sûl is besieged and falls, though its Palantir is saved. King Osthir and his sons fall in battle on Tyrn Gorthad. Although elvish help beats back the barbarians from the gates of Fornost, the war ends in Angmarean victory.

1412 Princess Níriel of Cardolan and regent Nimhir are slain in an unsuccesful coup. Second Wars of Cardolani Succession begin.

1413 Death of hîr Celeph. County of Caladir disintegrates into warring baronies.

1414 Peasant revolt in Cardolan. Hîr Annael of Faerdor is recognized as Canotar ("Exarch") of Cardolan with nominal powers equal to the king.

1418 Crowning of hîr Amrith Caladir as a vassal of Faerdor.

1418 End of Achimov's line in Mistrand.

1437 Eldacar is exiled in Rhovanion.

1430 Elderly Valacar falls sick and become unable to rule. Question of succession is debated in the Council of Gondor. Majority objects to Eldacar's accession on count of his mixed heritage, but the Council fails to bring forward a more suitable candidate. Loyalists contest the authority of the Council to intervene in such matters. Conservatives gather at Pelargir to form the Traditionalist League.

1432. Death of king Valacar. Succession of Eldacar Vinitharya is disputed by the Traditionalist League. Eldacar rejects demands of abdication and the Kin-strife begins.

1433-1437. Traditionalists gather their supporters and march to Osgiliath to depose the king by force. After four years of civil war they breach the defenses of Erui and land infantry forces behind Eldacar's lines. Osgiliath is besieged and taken, while Eldacar escapes to his kinsfolk in Rhovanion. Council of Gondor ratifies Castamir's accession as twenty-second King of Gondor.

       
  1440 Clans of Stoors from southern Eriador head east and recross the Misty Mountains, settling by the Gladden Fields of the Anduin Valley.   1446-1447 Open rebellion against Castamir in northern Gondor. Eldacar mobilizes his allies and marches south. He is supported by an uprising in Minas Anor, which opens the road into Lebennin. Castamir meets his advance at the Crossings of Erui, but is slain. Traditionalist forces abandon the field and are besieged in Pelargir. Eldacar is once again proclaimed king.      

1447 Maresh, capital of Lurmsakûn, falls to Variag army under command of Tarkhan Itakh. Lurmsakûn is reduced into a client kingdom of Khand.

1449 Kundaj IV Itakh, khagan of Khand is assassinated. General Tarkhan Itakh usurps power.

1450

1450 Five Dunlending clans formerly inhabiting the rainy and unproductive coasts of Enedwaith migrate across Gwathló to seek better life and new pastures. They are immediately employed by counts of Ethir Gwathló as mercenaries in the ongoing War of Cardolani Succession.

1459 Revolt of the Barons against the hegemony of Faerdor in Caladir.

1480 Arthedain sends men and supplies to support loyal counties of Tinereb, Girithlin and Tyrn Gorthad against Faerdorian canotars.

 

1454 Birth of Minardil son of Vinyarion.

1490 Death of Eldacar, accession of king Aldamir of Gondor.

1498 Aldamir reorganizes the Gondorian fleet, delegating responsibility for maritime defense to the ship levy of Odo Lynd.

1450 Castaher, the son and heir of Castamir, dies in Umbar under mysterious circumstances. A Regency Council is established to govern the rebel league until Castaher's infant son reaches his majority.

1470 The Regency Council ousts Castamaitë from power, re-establishing the traditional Umbarean Council of Captains. Heirs of Castamir retreat to Harondor, ruled by Elendin son of Calimehtar.

1478 Death of Lord Morlaen, architect of the Kin-strife and founder of the Council of Captain. His sons Caramir and Calimon are elected Asapthubêths of Umbar and leaders of the Traditionalist League. Lord Menelmir is nominated Admiral of the Haven.

1486 Death of Telemnar, governor of Umbar.

     

1500

1503 Gordaich of clan Fearchar, herdir dagarim or supreme commander of Ethir Gwathló forces seize Mistalondë (Sudúri) and proclaim his own kingdom, Saralainn.

1509-1510 Plague afflicts various parts of Eriador.

1509 Long age of civil war and tyranny ends for the time being with death of the last universally accepted canotar of Cardolan, Daeron Faerdor.

1500 Dragons begin to stir in the Grey Mountains.

1512 Bar-en-Dinnen receives her charter of township from king Aldamir.

1516 Birth of Telemnar son of Minardil.

1540-1551 First Corsair War.

1502 Death of Elendin, governor of Harondor. Castamaitë claims patrimony of the Castamirioni Dynasty.

 

     

1550

1556-1562 Peasant rebellion in Caladir.

1569-1574 Hîr Ulbar Caladir declares himself canotar of Cardolan. War of the Three Roses against Tinereb and Faerdor end in partial victory for Caladir.

1577 Death of Ulbar, Noble's Revolt in Caladir.

1582-1598 Last War of Succession in Cardolan pits rebel lords of Caladir against invading Girithlini and Tinerebi armies.

1589 Death of Araphor, accession of high king Argeleb II.

 

1545 Vinyarion captures Tiras Amrûn.

1551 Vinyarion defeats the joint forces of Haruze emirates and Umbar at Iant Harnen. Peace of Ancalimon

1577 Birth of Tarondor son of Minastan.

1546 Death of queen dowager Mûrabêth, widow of Castamir, in Ramlond.

1550 Death of Vinyaher son of Aldamir, in Umbar. Calimon son of Morlaen is nominated Admiral of the Haven.

1565 Death of Caramir son of Morlaen.

1589 Peasant rebellion in Nen Umbar.

1550 Death of Belkhôr Aruyati I and end of the Fourth Entaile. Civil war in Bellakar between pro-Umbareans and their opponents.

1559 Battle of Nîlûlonde. King Ârûkhôr of Mardruak is slain during the siege. His son Nîlûzagar returns north with a skeleton of an amy, only to find out that Thônuzir, asapthubêth of Narîk-Zadan, has urusped his throne.

1564 King Imruzîr II of Bellazen is murdered by a Sorijan spy on the Day of Reincarnation. Bellazen descends into terror and bloodbath.

1570 King Nîlûzagar is murdered and his dynasty is cast out of Mardruak.

1597 Umbarean army defeats haruze king Utarb. They install Arzâgar II as the puppet king of Mardruak.

   

1600

1601 Year One of the Shire Reckoning. High king Argeleb II grants Sûza and southern Arthedain to the invading halfling clans led by fallohide brothers Marcho and Blancho. The Shire is organised as a quasi-independent county inside Arnor.

1610 Argeleb II annexes Tyrn Gorthad.

1630 Most of the remaining Stoors leave Rhudaur to join their brethren in the Shire.

 

1621 Death of Hyarmendacil II, accession of king Minardil.

1632 Birth of Macar son of Tarondor, later king Telumehtar Umbardacil.

1633-1638 Second Corsair War.

1634 The Great Raid. Angamaitë and Sangahyando launch a naval invasion of southern Gondor, razing Pelargir, slaying king Minardil and and scuttling the royal navy.

 

1608 Birth of Sangahyandion, son of Sangahyando and Zimrînzil.

1621 Death of Castamaitë, lord of Harondor and claimant to the crown of Gondor. Patrimony of Castamir is divided between his two sons, Angamaitë and Sangahyando. They are elected Asapthubêths of Umbar and members of the Council of Captains.

1634 Death of Castarion son of Castamir and Calimon son of Morlaen.

1618 Arzâgar II is deposed by his twin brother Narakhîn and exiled to the Isles of Desolation.

1621 Birth of Miranda Aranel, daughter of Arzâgar II and Serindë Lintoron, in exile.

1623 Death of queen Bêlkali, accession of her son Inzîlurud of Bellazen.

 

1600 Piracy on the Inland Sea hits an all time high as the merchants of both Folyavuld and Burh Armenrik sponsor privateers against one another's ships.

1622 Local rebellion drives Variags out of Lurmsakûn.

 

1636-1640 The Great Plague devastates Eriador, killing half of the population and overturns the two centuries of gradual recovery in Cardolan. Most cities are abandoned and former fields are turned into swamps by annual flooding. Gondorian border forts along Gwathló are abandoned.

1640 Northman mercenaries take over County of Caladir and divide the lands among themselves, ushering an age of Tower Lords in Cardolan. Southern Minhiriath is named Liuhathgards, "Glorious Country".

 

1636-1639 The Great Plague sweeps through southern Gondor, killing around a third of the population. Death of king Telemnar and his family. The White Tree dies in Minas Anor. Prince Vinyaran abdicates in favour of his nephew Tarondor.

1640 King Tarondor removes the King's House to Minas Anor and plants a seedling of the White Tree. Osgiliath begins to fall into ruin. Mordor is left unguarded. The levy of the Odo Lynd is expanded.

 

1636 Death of king Inzîlurud, accession of his young son Balkuthôr of Bellazen. Power is shared by his mother Êrukali and regent Abâruzir, Elder of the Invocate. Of the twelve city-states of Bellakar, only Nîlûlonde, Kas Torath, Har Shulam and Hazaj Tollin acknowledge his rule.

1639 Zimrênzil is destroyed in an earthquake, king Narakhîn is killed. Kingdom of Mardruak dissolves.

1639-1646 The Great Plague afflicts Bellakar.

1643 Accession of Ar-Gimilphazgân, young King of Kings of Kadar an-Khâradûn and ruler of all Anbalukkhôr, declares war on all his neighbours to prove his worth and obtain glory.

1649 Kharadûnê submits to Anbalukkhôr. Ar-Gimilphazgân leaves Inzillôni four golden pillars with inscriptions bidding divine favours from Êru and Mulkhêr, and warnings to those who contemplate disobyeing his ordinances.

1622 Revolt in Lurmsakûn against variag tax-collectors.

1634-1635 The Great Plague strikes eastern Rhûn with devastating results. Folyavuldan trading outposts are abandoned. A period of chaos ensues.

1636-1648 Nûriag rebellion against the khaganate of Khand in Nûrn.

1650

1650 Accession of Ervegil Stonearm, last of the Angmarim puppet kings of Rhudaur.

1652-1656 War of Pretenders in Saralainn. Clan Murchadh tries to depose king Donnchadh II.

1661 Peasant revolt in Minhiriath. Poor people flock to warlord Ar-Dagor of Minhiriath, who claims to free Cardolan from tyranny of nobles.

1670 Death of Argeleb II, accession of high king Arvegil.

1671-1672 Winter War between Rhudaur and Arthedain.

1663 Rebellion of prince Belatar in Calenardhon. Military leaders demand Tarondor's abdication.

1652 The extension of Corsair raiding to Anfalas compels Tarondor to reinstate the territory's wartime garrisons. Andrast becomes occupied territory. A beacon-tower system is created. Tarondor sends aid to king Donnchadh II of Saralainn.

1652-1666 The Third Corsair War.

1663 Peace of Benish Armon reconsiles Tarondor and princess Aranel of Mírlond. Sovereignty of Harnendor is guaranteed by royal decree on the condition of Sangahyandion relinquishing his claim to the crown.

1652 Corsair fleet under Faltur of Marös occupies Lond Angren and foments rebellion against Gondor among Dunnish subjects.

1659 Death of queen dowager Lóthriel Edheliel, wife of Castaher, in Ramlond.

1663 Wedding of Miranda Aranel to prince Sangahyandion. Grand Principality of Harnendor is constituted.

1650 Izinduist uprising in Felaya and Mardruak. Theocracy of Zimrênzil.

1662-1665 Umbarean expeditionary force under admiral Tarcundo Miruvor invades and annexes Mardruak. Exiled lords of Nykkea retreat to Joam, where they join with Izinduist rebels.

1663-1668 Felaya and Bellazen wage war against the republic of Ûrêzâyan after Ûrêzâyan allies herself with Umbar.

1663 General Sakulkhôr rebels against Ûrêzâyan and declares himself as the tyrant of Kas Torath and Saraj.

 

1652 Gondorian embassy to Raj.

1660 Nimgaur becomes first Gondorian vessel in two hundred years to sail beyond the Cape of Hyarmentil into the Ormal Sea.

1650 Asdriag raids into Dor Rhúnen intensify.

1652 Ovatha Beg Ito assumes the Khandish throne as Ovatha VI and starts a campaign of reconquest.

1700

           

 

             

Terminology

Adûnaim = Ad. "Men of the west". Singular: Adûna. People of Númenórean descent. Later, men related to or identifying themselves with the King's Men (Ârûwanâi).

Asapthubêth = Ad. "Judge, governor, speaker of a council". Originally a Númenórean civil office in the colonies of the King's Men.

Ârûwanâim = Ad. "King's Men". A faction in Númenor and later Realms in Exile, advocators of Númenórean supremacy over lesser men.

Dâiruzîrim = Ad. "Friends of the Earth". A faction in Númenor with liberal, mercantilist and atheist tendencies.

Nimruzîrim = Ad. "Elf-Friends". A faction in Númenor and later Realm in Exile. Lovers and emulators of all things Elvish, including their language, customs, dress and religion.

Mulkhêrhil = Ad. "Worshippers of Melko". A religion instituted by Sauron in Númenor and her southern colonies, later spread to further Middle-earth. So-called "black Númenóreans". They worship Melko as the Creator of All and refuse Eru as evil distorter.